2012年4月号- エイゴパス英会話レッスン 月刊ニュースレター

英語ニュース Current Internet NEWS!! <新着ネットニュース>
英語のビデオ Video News (Domestic and World Events/国内&世界の動画ニュース)
American Business Idioms <ビジネスイディオム表現>
Grammar Study<今月の文法学習>
TOEICクイズ TOEIC Study Quiz<TOEICテスト>
Monthly Column – A Foreigner’s Opinions <今月のコラム:日本人女性は平等?>
You can read the article below and use it in your lessons to discuss with your teacher. — この記事を読んで先生とレッスンで話し合おう!
World News

— The Power of Makeup–

A user publicly posted a picture of herself showing one side of her face with makeup and the other side makeup-free showing to the world the "magic" of makeup.

Reaction to the photo has been mixed, with about 5,000 users "up" voting the picture, while nearly 4,000 have "down" voted it.

As one commentator wrote, "She’s so brave for opening up like that. This photo made me cry because I totally know what she’s feeling. People who don’t have acne don’t know what it’s like to have your self esteem basically plummet every time you look in the mirror. I just want to give her a big hug."

Another user lamented that right or wrong, men often do not have the same cosmetic tools at their disposal as women: "Now imagine you’re a guy and you don’t have that option."

What do you think? Was uploading the picture a brave statement about the sometimes-superficial nature of human behavior? Or does it speak to something else entirely?

-free ~ナシ
  Ex: I like sugur-free cola. (cola with no sugar)
英語ポイント mixed 混合している、異なる種類で形成されている
  Ex: Public opionion to the new tax increase proposals has been mixed.
英語ポイント totally 完全に
  Ex: Ii am totally exhausted after walking 10 miles.
英語ポイント self esteem 自己評価、自信
  Ex: A person with low self esteem usually does not have high confidence.
英語ポイント plummet 急落する
  Ex: The stock market plummeted drastically yesterday.
英語ポイント lament 嘆く
  Ex: People who are not into politics always lament on how all policies are broken.
英語ポイント superficial 表面的
  Ex: She is very superficial because she only judges people on how they look.


Do you feel she was brave in posting this picture online? Do you think it is appropriate for men to wear makeup?



— 化粧の力–






Japan News

UN toughens North Korea sanctions over rocket launch

The UN Security Council has ordered tightened sanctions on North Korea over its failed rocket launch and warned of new action if the isolated state stages a nuclear test.

The 15-member council — including the North’s closest ally China and nuclear-armed Pakistan — "strongly condemned" the launch in a statement that highlighted "grave security concerns" in Asia.

The move came as Pyongyang reportedly said it would not allow International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors to examine its nuclear programme — a key part of a deal reached with the US in February that would have seen the transfer of thousands of tonnes of much-needed food aid to the impoverished state.

At a meeting in New York on Monday the Security Council ordered new "entities and items" to be added within two weeks to the sanctions committee list created after North Korea staged nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009.

It also ordered the sanctions committee to revise the individuals and North Korean firms subject to asset freezes under the international measures. North Korea’s UN mission made no immediate comment on the Security Council action.

sanctions 制裁
  Ex: Economic sanctions have been lifted on Myanmar. This will allow more free trade to start.
英語ポイント isolated 孤立した
  Ex: This incident is not an isolated occurance. It has happened before.
英語ポイント grave 重大な
  Ex: A person who is in a grave situation usually means they are in a life or death circumstance.
英語ポイント inspectors 検査員
  Ex: The people who visit companies/countries to ensure compliance are inspectors.
英語ポイント revise 改正
  Ex: I need to revise my report because there are many mistakes.


How do you feel about the new leader of North Korea? Do you think a nation should spend money on missiles and nuclear ambitions rather than feeding its own people?









Internet News:

Sell your kidney for an iPhone?

A teenage high-school student in China sold his kidney for an illicit transplant operation and used the proceeds to buy an Apple iPhone and iPad, state press said on Friday.

The 17-year-old boy, who was paid 22,000 yuan ($3,500), was recruited from an online chat room and is now suffering from kidney failure and in deteriorating health, the Xinhua news agency said.

A surgeon and four others have been arrested and are facing charges of illegal organ trading and intentional injury. The kidney donor, agreed to the operation without his parents’ consent, the report said. Health ministry statistics show that about 1.5 million people in China need transplants, but only around 10,000 transplants are performed annually.The huge gap has led to a thriving illegal market for organs.

Executed prisoners remain the main source of organs used in transplant operations due to the lack of voluntary donations, Vice Health Minister Huang Jiefu was quoted as saying last month.
International human rights groups have long accused China of harvesting organs from executed prisoners for transplant without the consent of the prisoner or their family — charges the government has denied.

illicit 違法
  Ex: The police are looking for an illicit gang that has been secretly distributing drugs.
英語ポイント proceeds 売上高、収益
  Ex: The proceeds received from the charity event totalled 40,000 U.S. dollars.
deteriorate 悪化する
  Ex: That house is deteriorating rapidly since nobody is maintaining it.
英語ポイント consent 同意、承諾
  Ex: Girls in the U.S. under 16 y.o. must obtain their parents consent before performing a major surgury.
英語ポイント thriving 盛んな
  Ex: A country that is experiencing rapid growth is said to be thriving.
英語ポイント executed 処刑にされた
  Ex: In Japan, criminals who commit the worst of crimes may be executed.
英語ポイント transplant 移植
  Ex: Because his kidney is deteriorating, he will need a kidney transplant.
英語ポイント charge 罪状
  Ex: When someone charges that you did something in court, you have to defend yourself.








  New! CNN Student News リスニング力を試そう!
Business English Expression and Phrases <ビジネス英会話フレーズ>
-Learn expressions such as idioms and slang that is unique to culture, age, and business!
新しい英語表現: 文化・時代・ビジネスで使う特有なイディオム表現や俗語を覚えよう!

Shinichiro Tanaka and Keiko Sato are meeting with Christopher Banes in a coffee shop to get pointers on how to give a presentation to foreigners. Read the following dialogue to learn useful expressions and techniques to use in your next presentation.

Shinichiro: Hi Chris, first off Keiko and I really appreciate you taking the time to prep us before we jump into the shark tank.
Christopher: Don’t sweat it! You’ll do fine as long as you stick to the key points.
Keiko: I’m a little worried. What if I come off as a boring presenter?
Christopher: Keep in mind that presentations do not merely pass on information. They are also decision making tools so you have got to wow them!
Shinichiro: What are you getting at?
Christopher: You have to put excitement and action into the show. It must really be dynamic and convincing as well.
Keiko: So you’re saying the audience will only buy into our proposal if we entertain them?
Christopher: Entertaining them is a stretch Keiko, but I think you get the point. You need to connect with them by showing both confidence in yourself and what you are presenting. If you are passionate about it, so will they!
Shinichiro: How do you suppose we go about doing that?
Christopher: Make eye contact and vary your tone of voice. Most importantly, move around and do not just read off the screen or from a script.


To Prep to prepare or get ready for
Don’t sweat it to don’t worry or to not think so much about something
To come off to give the impression of
Keep in mind to remember or consider
To "wow" s.b. to greatly impress s.b.
dynamic elaborate or impressive
"To buy into" to believe in or have confidence in
"to be a stretch" to overexaggerate or imply something too much
"go about doing" to start to do or to do
This Month’s "Janglish" : Catch you と catch what you said の違い 

–This section will cover a broad range of different grammar rules and explanations to help you understand sentence structure and improve awareness of English grammar.
Distinguishing the difference between "when" and "if":
Check your understanding by selecting the correct answer below: 
Read each of the following of sentences and select the best answer. Print out this lesson plan and ask your teacher to assist you in understanding the grammar rules.


1 Don’t worry (when/if) I am late tonight. You all should start eating without me.
2 Samantha will come for dinner tonight. (When/If) she comes, could you call me?
3 I’m going to France next week. (When/If) I’m there, I will visit my college friend.
4 I am absolutely confident Shinichi will get the job. I will be very surprised (when/if) he doesn’t.
5 I’m going to the store so (when/if) you need anything let me know.
6 I’m going away for the weekend but (when/if) you need to contact me, I left my contact information with my assistant.
7 I would like for you to come to the party, but (when/if) you prefer not to go, I would understand.
8 (When/If) you rather stay in for dinner tonight, I can whip up something really quick.
9 What do you do (when/if) you are upset about something?
10 (When/If) Stacey mentioned that she had a stomache ache, everyone thought she was faking it to avoid attending the meeting.
Moderate level exercises:
Read each of the following of sentences and write the correct form of the word in (parenthesis) using the present or past form using if/when. Print out this lesson plan and ask your teacher to assist you in understanding the grammar rules.


1 Would they be offended _________________ (we/ not/ go) to their party.
2 _________________ (I/ know) his number, don’t you think I would call him.
3 He will get back to me with the specifics of the time/day of the meeting. _________________, (I / know) you will be the first one I inform..
4 There is abolutely no chance that Sarah and John will get married. I would be totally surprised ________________ . (they/ do)
5 Do you believe alot of people will show up to the party _________________ (it / hold) next week?
6 My wife gave me a beautiful watch for my birthday. She would be very pissed off _________________ (I/ lose) it.
7 Many people would be out of work _________________. (factory/close down).
8 Would Stephen mind _________________ (I/borrow) his
9 Tom’s flight is arriving tomorrow. What are you going to do _________________ (he / come) here tomorrow?
10 _________________ (you/have) only one wish, what would you wish for?
Difficult level exercises:
Read each of the following sentences and rewrite the sentence using the past conditional form:
1 I woke up late this morning because my alarm didn’t go off.
But if ___________________________________________________________.
2 I am going to take a vacation next week because my work is not busy.
But if ___________________________________________________________.
3 My boss gave me a promotion so my salary will increase from next month.
But if ___________________________________________________________.
4 I need to buy a new TV this week because my TV stopped working this morning.
But if ___________________________________________________________.
5 I was not able to attend the conference because my wife was sick.
But if ___________________________________________________________.
Check your answers!
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NEW! (A foreigner’s perespective – Do you think women are truly "equal" in Japan?

(Isabel 22 y.o): I personally do not feel any discrepancies in treatment at the schools that I have worked for in Japan since arriving here in 2010. To tell the truth, for me as a female from the U.K. teaching English in Japan, I think if anything foreign women in schools get favorable treatment to men!.

For example, most students who come to my school tend to select women over men. I initially thought male students would prefer male teachers and vise versa. Being a woman for me has helped me get more students than my male counterparts.


(Eric 32 y.o.): I have always felt that Asian societies tend to favor men to women in almost every aspect of life from careers to the social heirarchy in society. This is evident in China’s one child policy that has resulted in families hoping for sons rather than daughters in hopes that their child as a son would benefit more in making money. However, that is another story which I will touch up on later.

To the question of whether I feel women are treated as "equals" in Japan, I would hesitantly say that women are gaining equality although quite slowly. A case in point (though not factual) would be to see how many women we see in powerful positions such as governmental posts, boardrooms of top companies, etc.. Very low numbers huh?

Also, look at the average salary of women and men when they enter a company. Though most of them are fairly given same positions/salary from the start. How many of them receive equal salaries 5 years on, 10 years, 15 years? You get the point.

I believe however that if the government provides better qualitive support and enforcement to eliminate gender discrimation and to provide women more opportunites that will allow them to shine, they can and will be equal to men. Someday.