Phrasal Expressions – Lesson 3

Phrasal Expressions : Lesson 3
  -Read the following and test your understanding by taking the quiz below
To pick out: to choose, to select.
選ぶ、選び出す、選出する Ex: She wanted to pick out a car by herself. (彼女は自分で車を選びたかった。)
To take one’s time: to do without rush, not to hurry. This idiom is often used in the imperative form.
時間を取る[かける] Ex: We need to take time to make a good plan. (時間をかけていいプランを作らなくてはいけませんね)
To talk over: to discuss or consider a situation with others.
~について議論する Ex: I’ll have to talk this over with my parents. (両親とよく話し合ってみなければなりません。)
To lie down: to place oneself in a flat position, to recline.
横たわる、横になる Ex: "I’m feeling dizzy. The room is spinning." "Maybe you’d better lie down." 
To stand up: to rise from a sitting or lying position (also: to get up).
立ち上がる、起立する Ex: Please stand up when you give your answers. (答えるときは起立してください。)
To sit down: to be seated (also: to take a seat, to have a seat).
着席する、座る、腰を下ろす Ex: Would you like to sit down? (お座り[おかけ]になりませんか?)
All (day, week, month, year) long: The entire day, week, month, year.

Ex: I wish we could stay in spring all year long. (一年中、春のままだといいんだが。)

By oneself: alone, without assistance.
自分だけで、一人で Ex: Thank you. I could never have done this by myself.  (助けていただいてありがとうございます。私一人では絶対にできませんでした。)
On purpose: for a reason, deliberately.
わざと、故意に Ex: Did he do it on purpose or was it an accident? (彼は故意にそれをしたのですか、それとも偶然だったのですか?)
To get along (with): to associate or work well (with).
(人)と仲良くする[付き合う・やっていく・暮らす] Ex: Do you get along with your colleagues? (同僚たちと仲よくしていますか?)
To make a difference (to): to be of importance (to), to affect (also: to matter to). These idioms are often used with adjectves to show the degree of importance.
~に影響[変化]を及ぼす[もたらす] Ex: It’s possible to make a difference. (現状を改善することは可能です。)
To take out: to remove, to extract, to go on a date with (also: go out (with).
交際する、取り出す、 Ex: "It was nice of you to take me out to lunch." "My pleasure." (「お食事に連れていっていただいて、ありがとうございます」「どう致しまして」)
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