2013年7月号- エイゴパス英会話レッスン 月刊ニュースレター

英語ニュース Current Internet NEWS!! <新着ネットニュース>
英語のビデオ Video News (Domestic and World Events/国内&世界の動画ニュース)
Business English <ビジネス英語フレーズ>
Grammar Study<今月の文法学習>
TOEICクイズ TOEIC Study Quiz<TOEICテスト>
Monthly Column – <今月のコラム>
You can read the article below and use it in your lessons to discuss with your teacher. — この記事を読んで先生とレッスンで話し合おう!
World News

Gun Safety Instructor Shoots Student In Ohio

LANCASTER, Ohio — Police say an instructor at a central Ohio gun safety class has accidentally shot a student during a "safety on gun" class.

It is reported that 73-year-old Terry J. Dunlap Sr. was demonstrating a handgun at a training facility on Saturday when he fired a bullet that ricocheted off a desk and into the right arm of 26-year-old Michael Piemonte.

The student says the .38-caliber bullet hit him between his elbow and armpit. He says many of the students in the class were nurses who helped stabilize him before he was transported to a hospital.

Piemonte tells the newspaper it appears Dunlap didn’t know the gun was loaded. Dunlap hasn’t responded to requests for comment.

A police report lists the shooting as accidental.





Japan News:
Freedom of Speech VS Freedom of Privacy?

Authorities in Southeast Asia countries, including Japan, have increasingly monitored web sites, web boards and social media such as Facebook in recent years to monitor peoples behaviors and activity. Add LINE to that growing list of programs under scrutiny.

The provider of the popular LINE application for smartphones has been urged by the Kyoto prefectural government to take preventive measures to track and monitor potential crimes.

Police are becoming more aware of the importance in tracking what goes on in social communication to gather information or prevent crimes. An example cited by the police involves a recent killing by a group of teens using the popular line app to communicate with one another in organizing a situation which ultimately resultedin the death of another individual. Another example was how the app was used in an incident involving a 17 year old boy arrested on suspicion of sharing child porn video using the app.

Both in Japan and abroad, government officials are starting to recognize the importance of gathering information in hopes of either preventing or solving crimes. However, does the government have a right to private correspondence regardless of the purpose? Would Freedom of speech and privacy end?






  New! Learning through News Videos
Business English Expression and Phrases <ビジネス英会話フレーズ>
-Learn expressions such as idioms and slang that is unique to culture, age, and business!
新しい英語表現: 文化・時代・ビジネスで使う特有なイディオム表現や俗語を覚えよう!

–Hiroshi and Carl just finished giving a presentation to their clients and are sitting in the conference room discussing how they did. Anthony, a colleague who also attended the presentation, comes in to offer some words of encouragement and advice–


Hey guys, that presentation you just delivered blew them away! I feel you were on point in addressing ways for them to slim down operating expenses.


I surely hope they keep an open mind in considering our radical recommendations considering that they were not "tried and true" techniques.


Mr. Stephenson is a no nonsense businessman so I am confident you had his utmost attention. I really feel he was impressed by both of you in that you offered thinking and insight that was "outside of the box".


I really appreciate your kind words Anthony, but I felt I could have done better on my part. Carl was a real life saver when he stepped in to explain the details of our proposal. Thanks Carl, I could not have pulled through without you.


Don’t beat yourself over it so much Hiroshi. You did perfectly fine!


Hiroshi, I agree with Carl. You stuck to your guns when they tried to break down your proposal and you did not waver in your opinions. That in itself shows credibility on your part.


I am thankful for your kind words. I just feel I could have done something better!

上記の会話の日本語訳はこちらをクリック’(印刷可): JAPANESE VERSION
"blow someone away" 誰かを圧倒する
"on point" 的を得ている
"slim down" 削減する
"tried and true" 試されて証明されている
"no nonsense person" 不適切さを許容しない人
"outside of the box" (常識の)箱に捉われない
"life saver" 命の恩人
"to step in" 介入する
"to pull through" 切り抜ける
"beat oneself over" 自分を痛めつける
"stick to one’s guns" 自分の意見に忠実でいる
"Know vs Realize" 今回はKnowと Realize の使い方を解説します。

–This section will cover a broad range of different grammar rules and explanations to help you understand sentence structure and improve awareness of English grammar.
Using ”Verb + ing” vs ”Verb + to”
Read some of the sentences below and try to understand in which situations they are used correctly or incorrectly.
Examples of how "Verb + ing" is used:
Read the following to understand the correct and incorrect usage:

I wish that dog would stop barking. It’s driving me mad.
I wish that dog would stop to bark. It’s driving me mad.
I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind waiting.
I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind to wait.
Hurry up! I don’t want to risk missing the train.
Hurry up! I don’t want to risk to miss the train.
Note: Verbs usually followed by "-ING" include: avoid, consider, deny, enjoy, finish, imagine,

keep(on), mind, postpone, risk, stop, suggest, recommend, etc…
Examples of how "Verb + to" is used:

It was a nice day, so we decided to go for a walk.
It was a nice day, so we decided going for a walk.
They don’t have much money. They can’t afford to go out very often.
They don’t have much money. They can’t afford going out very often.
Our neighbour threatened to call the police if we didn’t stop the noise.
Our neighbour threatened calling the police if we didn’t stop the noise.
Note: Verbs usually followed by "to" include: afford, agree, arrange, decide, deserve, fail,

forget, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, promise, refuse, threaten, etc…


Let’s learn how to use the above words! <練習問題>

Fill in the blanks using ‘ing’ or ‘to’ with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis.
1. Don’t forget ________ the letter I gave you. (post)
2. He tried to avoid ________ my question. (answer)
3.I enjoy ________ to music. (listen)
4. Jill has decided not ________ a car. (buy)
5. Kate failed ________ a good impression at the job interview. (make)
英語のクイズ 6. We need to change our routine. We can’t go on ________ like this. (live)
英語のクイズ 7. David tends ________ things. (forget)
英語のクイズ 8. She refused ________ us her name. (tell)
英語のクイズ 9. She suggested ________ financial advice from a professional. (seek)
英語のクイズ 10. Do you know how ________ to John’s house. (get)
英語のクイズ 11. I’ve given up ________ to lose weight. It’s impossible!! (try)
英語のクイズ 12. I like ________ a student. (be)
英語のクイズ 13. I truly recommend ___________ with a lawyer to solve your legal issues. (consult)
英語のクイズ 14. Would you suggest ___________ to the airport early to avoid delays? (go)
英語のクイズ 15. Due to the inclimate weather, we should consider ___________ the picnic to next week. (postpone)


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NEW! – Questions about Japanese culture from a Foreigners viewpoint.

Q – Why does the academic background count in employment and in promotions?

A – Industry has become highly technical with the advancement of scientific technology, and jobs requiring specialization have sprung up one after another. Japan is not the only country that finds a high educational level, or in other words, an advanced educational background necessary to train a work force able to tackle these highly specialized jobs.
Most students in Japan go on to high school after finishing compulsory education in the elementary and junior high school levels. Many have a desire to continue on to Universities in 1994 made up 43.3% or less than half of all high school graduates.
Many of those not making it into universities have another try at the entrance examination or join the work force. Getting admitted to a well-known university lies behind this stiff entrance examination competition. Admittance to a good university where a high percentage of its graduates enter large, well-known corporations requires intense studying from the elementary school level on.
The company trains new employees to become valuable assets to the company and hence, the prevailing reasoning that qualified workers can be had from good universities and the importance placed on an academic background in hiring.

Graduates from well-known universities are conspicuous in other companies and the government. Many businesses eye to make use of graduates from well-known universities because of the financial and political links that they share.



Q – なぜ、就職や出世に学歴がものを言うのですか?

A – 科学技術の発達により産業は高度になり、次々と専門職を必要としてきたので、そういう仕事ができる人たちを育てるために、高い教育水準、つまり学歴が必要となったのは、決して日本だけではないと思います。