Phrasal Expressions – Lesson 6

Phrasal Expressions : Lesson 6
  -Read the following and test your understanding by taking the quiz below
To hang out: to spend time, usually being idle or unproductive.
たむろする Ex: We always used to hang out at the shopping mall when we were growing up. (大人になりかけの頃、私たちはいつもショッピングセンターにたむろしていたものだ。)
To hang up: to place clothes on a hook or hanger, to replace the receiver on the phone at the end of a conversation.
~を掛ける,電話を切る Ex: Could you hang up my coat for me, please? (コートをかけていただけますか?)
To count on: to trust someone in time of need (also: to depend on).
~を頼りにする、~を当てにする Ex: I feel that I can always count on you. (あなたはいつも頼りそうな気がする。)
To make friends: to become friendly with others.
親しくなる, 友達になる Ex: I made friends with an American at the party. ( パーティーであるアメリカ人と親しくなった。)
Out of order: not in working condition.
故障して、正常に動作しないで Ex: The elevator was out of order, so I had to use the stairs. (そのエレベーターは故障していたので、私は階段を使わなくてはなりませんでした。)
To get to: to be able to do something special; to arrive at a place, such as home, work, etc. For the second definition, do not use the preposition ‘to’ with the words ‘home’ or ‘there’.
~に達する[到達する・到着する・着く] Ex: "How can I get to Kyoto Station?" "It’s too far to walk, so you should take either a bus or taxi." (「京都駅へはどう行けばいいのでしょうか」「歩くには遠過ぎますからバスかタクシーがいいです」)
To look over: to examine, to inspect closely (also: to go over, to read over, to check over).
目を通す、~を一読[通覧・検分・校閲]する、~を調べる Ex: She looked over the documents and determined that they were all in order. (彼女は書類にざっと目を通して、すべてきちんとそろっていると判断しました。)
To have (time) off: to have free time, not to have to work (also: to take time off).
休み、空き時間 Ex: I’m really busy and I hardly have any time off. (すごく忙しくてほとんど休みが取れない。)
To go on: to happen; to resume, to continue (also: to keep on).
起こる、発生する,~を続ける Ex: They had to go on even if it rained heavily. (たとえ大雨でも彼らは前進しなければならなかった。)
To put out: to extinguish.
〔明かり・火を〕消す Ex: Please put out your cigarette. (たばこを消してください。)
All of a sudden: suddenly, without warning (also: all at once).
突然 Ex: All of a sudden I realized that I was the only person out in the middle of the street. (道路の真ん中にいるのは私だけだと突然気付きました。)
Ahead of time: before a scheduled time or event.
定刻前に、前もって、早めに Ex: It would be helpful if you could prepare ahead of time a written summary of what you want to convey (あなたが伝えたいことの要点を前もって書いていただけると助かります。)
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