2015年1月号–エイゴパス 月刊ニュースレター

英語ニュース Current Internet NEWS!! <新着ネットニュース>
英語のビデオ Video News (Domestic and World Events/国内&世界の動画ニュース)
Business English <ビジネス英語フレーズ>
Grammar Study<今月の文法学習>
TOEICクイズ TOEIC Study Quiz<TOEICテスト>
Monthly Column – <今月のコラム>
You can read the article below and use it in your lessons to discuss with your teacher. — この記事を読んで先生とレッスンで話し合おう!
World News

Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg starts online book club

Mark Zuckerberg wants to add a little more “book” to Facebook.The Facebook founder and CEO recently vowed to read a book every other week in 2015, in order to learn about different beliefs, cultures and technologies.

Zuckerberg created a page called “A Year of Books” and urged his friends to join him in the project. As of Jan. 4, it had over 100,000 likes.

“I’m looking forward to shifting more of my media diet towards reading books,” he said. The first book he introduced, Moises Naim’s “The End of Power,” was out of stock Jan. 4 on Amazon.com.

founder 創業者
vow(ed) to ~することを誓った
every other week 1週おきに、隔週に
urge(d) ~に(to 以下をするよう)強く勧めた、促した
as of ~の時点で、~現在
like(s) フェイスブックの「いいね!」
shift(ing) ~を移す
diet (毎日のように繰り返される)習慣的なもの
out of stock 品切れで、倉庫がなくて

フェイスブックCEO オンラインのブッククラブを始める

ザッカーバーグ氏は「A Year of Books」というページを作り、友人たちにもこのプロジェクトに参加するよう呼びかけた。1月4日の時点で、(見た人が賛意を示す)「いいね!」の数は10万件を超えた。
同氏が最初に紹介した本、モイセス・ナイーム氏の「The End of Power(権力の終わり)」は1月4日の時点で、(ネット通販大手)Amazon.comで品切れの状態だ。

Japan News:

Number of foreign visitors hits record high in 2014

A record number of foreign tourists visited Japan in 2014 due to the weaker yen, eased visa restrictions, expanded tax exemption and aggressive promotional efforts, according to the Japan National Tourism Organization.

A total of 13.414 million people visited the nation in 2014, according to estimates released by the organization Jan. 20.

JNTO said the 2014 figure represents a 29.4 percent increase from the previous year, when the number topped 10 million for the first time.

By country and region, most of the visitors-2.829 million – came from Taiwan, up 28 percent from 2013, followed by South Korea with 2.755 million, 12.2 percent higher than the previous year.

The third largest total, 2.409 million, came from China.

hit(s) record high 過去最高を記録する
due to ~が原因で
eased 緩和された
restrictions(s) 規制
tax exemption 免税、非課税品
aggressive 積極的な
according to ~によると
Japan…Organization 日本政府観光局(JNTO)
estimate(s) 推定、見積もり
figure 数値、合計数
represent(s) ~を表す
top(ped) ~を超えた、上回った

訪日客 過去最多の1341万人を記録


  New! Learning through News Videos
Business English Expression and Phrases <ビジネス英会話フレーズ>
-Learn expressions such as idioms and slang that is unique to culture, age, and business!
新しい英語表現: 文化・時代・ビジネスで使う特有なイディオム表現や俗語を覚えよう!
I agree with you 100 percent on that.

I agree with you 100 percent on that. We can cut costs in half easily without hurting quality.

I couldn’t agree with you more.
  I couldn’t agree with you more. Our costs are twice as high as they should be.
You got that right.
  You got that right. Half of our expenses aren’t necessary.
You’ve convinced me that…
  Well, you’ve convinced me that costs can be cut in half without any side effects.


That’s an interesting perspective
  Now that’s an interesting perspective. I didn’t realize that there was so much waste.
That’s an interesting viewpoint.
  That’s an interesting viewpoint. I’m beginning to see how we can reduce our costs by at least 50 percent.

–This section will cover a broad range of different grammar rules and explanations to help you understand sentence structure and improve awareness of English grammar.
How to use "must" vs " do not have to" in expressing obligation.
Check your understanding by selecting the correct answer below: 
Read each of the following of sentences and select the best answer. Print out this lesson plan and ask your teacher to assist you in understanding the grammar rules.
Note: Must not = Mustn’t – Do not = Don’t
1 You (must not / don’t have to) smoke here since there are children nearby.
2 My parent’s are very lenient. I (mustn’t / don’t have to) ask permission to stay out late.
3 Parking bikes in front of the station is prohibited therefore you (mustn’t / don’t have to) do so.
4 Passengers (mustn’t / don’t have to) speak to the driver while they are driving.
5 It has rained a lot, so we (mustn’t / don’t have to) water the garden.
6 You (mustn’t / don’t have to) knock before coming into my office.
7 You (mustn’t / don’t have to) disturb your sister while she’s studying.
8 Japanese citizens (mustn’t / don’t have to) get a visa when travelling to China.
9 Residents (mustn’t / don’t have to) hang clothes outside to dry on their balcony.
10 As tomorrow is a public holiday, I (mustn’t / don’t have to) go to work.
Moderate level exercises:
Read each of the following of sentences and select which of the choices best fits. Print out this lesson plan and ask your teacher to assist you in understanding the grammar rules.
must / have to/ has to must not don’t have to doesn’t have to didn’t have to
1 Oh my god, it’s already 11:30! I _________ go if I want to make it for the last train.
2 Tomoko _________ take the exam last week because she took it already.
3 In the U.S., children _________ attend school until at least the age of 16.
4 I’m taking a day off tomorrow so I _________ wake up early.
5 Hiromi’s husband is extremely rich so she _________ work at all.
6 I got the new Ipad using Softbank’s promotion so I _________ pay anything up front.
7 Parking is prohibited here so you _________ park your car here.
8 Paul really likes his new job because he _________ work late.
9 Tomorrow is Samantha’s birthday. I really _________ buy her a present really soon!
10 You _________ wake him up. He is dead tired and needs to rest.
Difficult level exercises:
Read each of the following sentences and use the correct form (past/present/negative) of "must" or "have to" + one of these verbs to complete the sentences:
go dress fix pay send
take leave wait schedule cancel
1 The car park is free – you _______________ to park your car here.
2 I went to the bank this morning. There were few people so I _______________ very long.
3 I don’t think you _______________ for the airport just yet. The flight won’t depart until late in the evening.
4 You _______________ anything from the store unless you pay for it first.
5 Jack left before the end of the meeting because he _______________ home early.
6 As my computer broke down last night, I _______________ it back to the manufacturer for repairs later today.
7 You _______________an appointment to see a doctor if it is an emergency.
8 In order to avoid penalty charges, hotel guests _______________ their reservation(s) 72 hours prior to the hotel check in date.
9 Our office supplies department just decided to order a new printer so we _______________ the broken printer that we now have.
10 The banquet is a black tie event so you _______________ inappropriately.
Check your answers!
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NEW! – Advice Column from a Foreigner’s Point of View (Relationship, Life, Work, and Everything Under the Sun)

(Tomoko : mid 40’s Japanese):

"Hi, I am currently a mother of a 2 year old daughter and I have some concerns on whether or not I am doing the right thing for my daughter. Let me explain if I can briefly. My child has been going to a "hokuen" for almost 8 months now and I have been worried because I have not made any new "momma tomos" or as you can say in English "Mamma friends".

I want my daughter to have friends whom she can play on weekends and after school with but I find it hard to socialize with other mothers. Of course, we have the general greetings in the morning and when we pick up the kids but there really is no "real" friendship developing. Honestly speaking, I sort of do not want new friends since I already have friends and I feel new friends are troublesome. On the other hand, I feel selfish in the way I do not make an effort to make friends so my daughter can have opportunities to interact with other children her age.

I consider myself an open and socialable person but after becoming a mother, I feel as though I have become more closed to the outside world outside of my family. Is it normal to be this way? Am I being selfish for not putting an effort to find friends for my daughter? "

(Eleanore: mid 30’s American married to a Japanese):

"Hi Tomoko, I do not know how "momma tomos" work in Japan but I feel as though I am in the same boat as you as I myself am a mother of a boy attending a nursery here in Japan. Actually, you are in a better position than myself in that you have some friends in Japan.

I know what you are going through as I feel I seem to have become less socialable when I started living in Japan. I am not sure if the suburbs are different than Tokyo where I am living but I do sense that I am becoming more of a loner. Though I share your sense of duty to make new friends with other mothers whom have children for the benefit of our children, I prefer not to force it. Meaning I am not going to make new "friends" just for the sake of finding playmates for my child.

Personally, I prefer to make friends naturally at the supermarket, park, coffeeshops, yoga classes, or etc… where I frequently visit than change who I am and be dare I say "fake" in developing friendship?

I neither think you are selfish nor feel you are strange since I know of many people who are going through the same thing. If friendships develop naturally, great. On the other hand, don’t beat yourself for lack of effort. "